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Swimming eBook

We are proud to announce the publication of the first in a series of Sport-Specific Guidelines: Swimming.

swim eBook

Our core eBook, Critical Speed and the Physiology of Training details the fundamental philosophy, components and strategies of The PEATS Program.

Swimming takes you to the next level.


Read our article on the application of Critical Speed to swim training prescription

triathlon swim


If you have completed two time trials, you can calculate your Critical Speed.
Then check out these norms to see how you rate against the values provided.

 

 

 

 

Comparative data for Critical Speed

skater trainingThe comparative data tables following represent a snapshot of some of the information accumulated over the last decade or so. While these data are not current, and in places incomplete, they can still provide a useful comparison. The competitive level of the athletes is provided, and where available, the value for the Maximal Lactate Steady-State. Critical Speed is expressed as mean and range values plus the standard deviation of the range.

Kayakers were tested on-water; rowers and surf boat athletes were tested on a Concept II rowing ergometer, measuring distance over time; hockey and football athletes were tested from two running time trials conducted on grass; skaters were conducted on a regulation competition track. Swimmers were tested in a 50m pool. See our Swimming eBook for more swimming data.

#
CS
Range
s.d.
MLSS
s.d.
Range
Sprint Kayak  
(m.sec)
(m.sec)
(m.sec)
(mmol.L)
(mmol.L)
(mmol.L)
Elite              
Male
33
3.89
4.15 - 3.41
0.15
6.34
1.52
3.83-9.15
Female
17
3.51
3.80 - 3.15
0.17
4.91
1.71
2.18-7.51
Sub-Elite              
Male
1
3.6
   
9.67
   
Female
6
3.27
3.5 - 3.04 
0.16
6.45
2.25
4.02-9.75
Masters              
Male
1
3.4
   
8.73
   
Female
1
3.09
   
4.55
   
Senior Beginner              
Female
1
2.83
         
Junior (U18)              
Male
19
2.87
3.47-2.05
0.49
5.59
1.21
7.15-4.0
Female
15
2.59
3.04-2.03
0.3
4.84
1.69
7.3-3.2
Marathon Kayak              
Female (elite)
1
3.11
         

#
CS
s.d.
range
MLSS
s.d.
range
Rowing  
(m.sec)
(m.sec)
(m.sec)
(mmol.L)
(mmol.L)
(mmol.L)
Elite/sub-elite Males
9
4.9
0.3
4.17-5.11
6.38
1.96
4.23-9.53
Elite Females
2
4.34
0.15
 
7.08
1.98
 
             
Surf Boat              
Males-Club
11
4.34
0.2
4.03-4.79
7.19
3.1
3.04-12.11


#
CS
Range
s.d.
MLSS
s.d.
Range
Skating  
(m.sec)
(m.sec)
(m.sec)
(mmol.L)
(mmol.L)
(mmol.L)
Elite              
Male
4
8.06
7.78-8.26
0.22
10.29
1.19
8.84-11.45
Female
2
7.01
6.64-7.38
       

Swimming
#
CS
Range
s.d.
Well-performed
(m.sec)
(m.sec)
(m.sec)
males
14
1.568
1.32 - 1.77
0.14
females
12
1.534
1.38 - 1.65
0.08
Club
males
8
1.083
0.91 - 1.30
0.14
females
13
1.017
0.85 - 1.24
0.14
Doctoral Study
Long-distance - males
5
1.592
1.49 - 1.65
0.06
Long-distance - females
1
1.406
-
-
Mid-distance - males
19
1.376
1.13 - 1.63
0.14
Mid-distance - females
11
1.268
n/a
n/a
Sprint - males
10
1.484
1.29 - 1.60
0.08
Sprint - females
9
1.315
1.23 - 1.43
0.06

#
CS
s.d.
Range
Hockey  
(m.sec)
(m.sec)
(m.sec)
Senior women - club
27
2.97
0.38
3.63-2.24
       
Football        
Senior men - club
17
3.05
0.54
3.75-2.14