Learn more about The PEATS Program

Paddle Sports eBook

Take your paddling performance to new heights by incorporating Critical Power or Critical Speed into your training program. TPE Sports Coaching has two great eBooks to help you design a winning training program.

paddle sports

Our core book, Critical Speed and the Physiology of Training will give you the tools.
Our new eBook, Paddle Sports: The PEATS Program will give you the specifics to make your canoeing training program work.



Swimming eBook
We are proud to announce the publication of the first in a series of Sport-Specific Guidelines: Swimming.

swim eBook Our core eBook, Critical Speed and the Physiology of Training details the fundamental philosophy, components and strategies of The PEATS Program.

Swimming takes you to the next level of The PEATS Program


Focus on Technique
Does your sport have an important technical component?

technique for kayak
For more information on the TEI and how it can be applied to sports, you can read our article here.

 

 

 

Comparative Data for Technical Economy Index

swim techniqueThis page presents some data for the Technical Economy Index for three different sports: rowing, kayaking and swimming. The construction of the Technical Economy Index and how it was derived is detailed in The PEATS Program eBook, Critical Speed and the Physiology of Training.

The data presented here is for information only, and in no way is it suggested that these values are standards for the respective sports. Data for club level rowers was not available, but it can be seen from the swimming and kayaking information that the TEI distinguishes a technical gap between elite and club performers. Accordingly, the data for elite performances could be employed as a motivational tool, particularly for younger athletes.

SWIMMING
The swimming data from the Olympic Trials presented below provides the mean plus range of values for all eight finalists in each event. The second set of data, was derived from a study by Hooper et al. 1998, but the TEI data was not published. The Age-Groupers were all from one club, tested to determine Training Intensity Levels (one female swimmer, 12 at the time, went on to become an Olympic and World Champion). It can be seen from these values that there is a wide variation between the elite and club-level data, and again within the club data.


2004 US Olympic Trials
Group Stroke Distance aver. TEI Range Group Stroke Distance aver. TEI Range
Males
Freestyle
50m
28.35
21.3 - 32.4
Females
Freestyle
50m
23.30
20.7 - 24.7
 
100m
28.99
26.5 - 31.8
   
100m
22.07
19.2 - 23.6
 
200m
27.15
24.1 - 32.7
   
200m
21.06
18.9 - 23.1
 
400m
24.94
21.6 - 28.5
   
400m
17.43
15.4 - 19.7
 
1500m
23.51
20.4 - 27.1
   
800m
16.41
14.0 - 17.5
Butterfly
100m
48.7
43.6 - 54.3
 
Butterfly
100m
36.86
34.5 - 41.5
 
200m
41.01
38.6 - 46.7
   
200m
24.57
17.5 - 31.8
Breastroke
100m
38.24
36.1 - 43.4
 
Breastroke
100m
29.08
25.0 - 33.8
 
200m
39.90
35.2 - 46.3
   
200m
31.81
25.9 - 41.3
Backstroke
100m
26.39
24.9 - 28.4
 
Backstroke
100m
16.03
13.9 - 18.5
 
200m
24.35
21.9 - 25.8
   
200m
18.44
17.0 - 19.8
                 
Well-Performed Swimmers (Hooper et al. 1998)
Males
Freestyle
100m
19.08
12.8-24.6
Females
Freestyle
100m
16.01
12.9-20.3
 
400m
20.88
14.0-26.3
   
400m
16.97
14.1-20.5
                 
Age-Group Swimmers (club level)
Males
Freestyle
100m
18.00
12.55-22.92
Females
Freestyle
100m
16.27
10.65-21.04
(n=8)  
400m
12.01
9.20-15.89
(n=13)
 
400m
11.58
8.81-14.83


KAYAKING
The second table presents some TEI data for kayak paddlers, calculated by the author from personal videos, with the exception of that obtained from the 1992 Olympic Games. The 1992 Olympic values, obtained from video footage, were mean values for the first three place-getters in both the 1000m and 500m final events. The 2008 Elite males were competing in an event for Olympic selection in that year, and the value, also obtained from video footage, represents the mean value for five paddlers, all international representatives, three of whom were medalists in recent Olympic and World Championship competition. It is interesting to note that there has been an upward shift in this measure since 1992. The third set of data was obtained during 500m time trials which served as a Performance Test for a group of paddlers training with a kayak club. As with the swimmers, it is evident that this group has a wide range in technical ability.

Example
1000m
500m
Range
1992 Olympic Final
117.1
 
110.2-118.0
1993 Olympic Final  
119.4
109-124.2
2008 Elite Males
121.9
 
117.7-126.4
Junior Club Males  
98.5
74.9-126.7
Junior Club Females  
76.4
58.1-96.6

ROWING

rowersThe third set of data was obtained, courtesty of Dr. Valery Kleshnev and the TEI calculated from it. The TEI data presented in the table are average values across each event for the first three place-getters in that event.

Event TEI Event TEI
M1x
409.95
W1x
352.24
M2-
398.03
W2-
346.31
M2x
410.47
W2x
367.78
M4-
443.72
LW2x
388.00
LM2x
423.12
W4x
419.26
LM4-
448.41
W8+
438.33
M4x
502.89
   
M8+
525.76