Learn more about The PEATS Program

Our spotlight is placed on a sport which sits under the umbrella of The PEATS Program.

spotlight on outrigger canoeing
This time we highlight outrigger canoe racing, you can learn more about how TPE Sports Coaching became involved with the sport and how Critical Speed testing became an important tool in The PEATS Program

!!!!! Swim Coaches !!!!!

Read our article on the application of Critical Speed to swim training prescription





Calculate your Critical Speed

Before you can input data to calculate your Critical Speed, you must first perform the Criterion Time Trials. There is no absolute distance for these Time Trials, and they will vary considerably from sport to sport. In essence, you will need to perform a short-duration (sprint) trial (TT1) over a distance that will demand a duration from 45 to 90 seconds. Our sport-specific guidelines will provide you with more definitive information. In general, the shorter your competitive event, the shorter will be this Time Trial (TT1). The second Time Trial (TT2) requires a longer-duration trial, and can be up to 20 minutes, again depending upon the sport and your competitive event. The minimum duration for TT2 should be approximately 5 minutes. The essential factor here is that the duration reflect the importance of aerobic energy supply. It is also important that any time you re-test your Critical Speed you conduct that test under the same conditions: distance, terrain, and ambient conditions.

We will take swimming as an example here, and the swim is to be conducted WITHOUT a dive i.e. the swimmer starts in the water:

TT1 = 50m
TT2 = 400m (300m for form strokes)

The MOST important characteristic of these TTs is that they be completed at maximal effort. Record the exact distance (in metres) covered plus the time taken to complete that distance (in seconds). This is the information to be used for the calculator.
Note: in some sports, you may not have the precise measurement of distance as a swimmer has in a 50m pool. For example, a rower may train (and hence conduct Time Trials) on an open body of water. In these cases, it is important to wear a GPS device so that the distance can be measured accurately.

Enter your data into the Critical Speed Calculator to find your own Critical Speed in metres per second.


When you have completed your Critical Speed calculation, check out the comparative values to see where you sit. We have data from the following sport for comparison: kayak, swimming, rowing and surf boat (measured on a Concept II ergometer), skating, field hockey and football. These norms are far from complete, and over time we hope to develop these further into a very useful tool.